A study at the Université René Descartes, Paris, recruited 35 healthy children and gave them either a supplement of the prebiotic oligofructose, or a maltodextrin placebo for 21 days. Children in the prebiotic group had higher levels of Bifidobacteria in their faeces, and significantly decreased levels of the potentially harmful bacteria, clostridia. This group showed fewer infectious diseases, less flatulence, diarrhoea, vomiting and fever compared to the controls.

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